Category Archives: Cognitive Psychology

Do You Have a Fixed or a Growth Mindset? Begin to Focus on Growth and Achieve Success

trees

All organisms have the potential to grow and develop, but people may have learned not to.

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The Brain’s Reward System: Is Dopamine the Only ‘Feel Good’ Chemical?

Much evidence has associated dopamine with the brain’s reward system. For this reason, dopamine has been called the “feel good” or pleasure chemical. Stimulation of the neurotransmitter, dopamine, makes us feel good. Continue reading

The Impact Bias: Why We Overestimate the Emotional Impact of Future Events

microphone

This scenario would provoke anxiety in many of us, but research finds that we tend to overestimate the emotional impact of future events.

People often overestimate the intensity and duration of their emotional reactions to future events. This tendency is called the impact bias, which is just one of many cognitive biases. Because of the impact bias, people fail to make the right decisions about their emotional reactions to future events.

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We Invest So Much Time In Mind Wandering, But How Does It Help Us?

Mind wandering may help us by providing an opportunity for self-reflection that allows us to make meaning of our lives.

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Hindsight Bias: Why We View Events as More Predictable Than They Really Are

hindsight bias

The hindsight bias is one of many cognitive biases, and it is defined as the belief that an event is more predictable after it becomes known than it was before it became known. As a result, people tend to view events are more predictable than they are. Continue reading

Why People Fail to Make Accurate Predictions About Probability

dice

When we solve problems and make decisions and judgments, we very often use mental shortcuts (so-called heuristics). We use these heuristics if we neither have resources nor time to compare all available information before making a choice. In other words, heuristics ease the cognitive load of making a decision. Continue reading

Time Flies? Life Appears to Speed Up As People Get Older

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Study: Smiling Makes You More Attractive

smile

A study by Golle, Mast & Lobmaier (2013) shows how emotional expressions of happiness influence the judgment of attractiveness. Continue reading