Category Archives: Cognitive Bias

Actor-Observer Bias: Why We Blame Other People Instead of Ourselves

actor-observer bias

The actor-observer bias is the tendency that people view their own actions as caused by the situational context, while others’ actions are seen as caused by personality or stable dispositions. Continue reading

How Your Mood Influences Your Cognitive Functioning


A literature review by Mitchell & Phillips (2007) examined how positive and negative moods influence people’s cognitive functioning, or more specifically, executive functions

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The Endowment Effect: Why We Overrate the Value of Stuff

Macbook air

Problem-solving objects are highly valued.

Selling and buying stuff at the second-hand market has become a trend. The possibility of saving loads of money is appealing to us. But too often, we are confronted with sellers, who we think overrate the value of their stuff. Continue reading

The Power of a Social Purpose (Judgmental Bias)


The burden of wearing a heavy backpack is lessened when a social purpose is given. The hills don’t look as steep.

A study by Durgin and colleagues (2009) finds that the burden of wearing a heavy backpack is lessened when a social purpose is given in form of social demands.

In other words, we perceive the burden as less burdensome, when a social purpose is given. In this way, a purpose contributes to a judgmental bias of the burden. Continue reading