Have you ever wondered whether you have a strong self-efficacy belief or not? Or perhaps you are curious about how people develop their self-efficacy beliefs? This post describes the theory of self-efficacy, the research surrounding it, and four ways in which people develop self-efficacy beliefs.
The belief that one can exert control over stressful events has long been known to help people cope with stress (Taylor, 2012). People like to have control over their lives, and people who have a sense of personal control seem to be better off than those who haven’t.
In a study by Van Mill and colleagues (2013), the authors examined the impact of sleep disturbances on the course of anxiety and depressive disorders. The sleep durations of over 1,000 individuals with depressive and/or anxiety disorders, over a period of two years, were examined. Continue reading →
This scenario would provoke anxiety in many of us, but research finds that we tend to overestimate the emotional impact of future events.
People often overestimate the intensity and duration of their emotional reactions to future events. This tendency is called the impact bias, which is just one of many cognitive biases. Because of the impact bias, people fail to make the right decisions about their emotional reactions to future events.
People who have grown up in poorer families are more impulsive, take more risks and approach temptations more quickly under conditions of economic uncertainty.
What is the most adaptive response when resources are scarce? Is the best response to save money for the future or to spend it for immediate gains? It seems rational to decrease spending and increase savings. Continue reading →